17 - Megan Hom
Megan Hom
Height: 5-7
Year: Sr.
Hometown: Irvine, Calif.
High School: Northwood HS
Position: OF
gp 55
avg .348
hr -
rbi 13
r 38
sb 4

2013 (Senior):
Hom finished her final collegiate season by earning her fourth-consecutive All-Big West First Team award in center field. Continuing her excellence at the plate, Hom finished the season No. 3 in hits with 62 while batting .348 and posting a .417 on-base percentage. On-base for the heart of the lineup, Hom scored 38 runs on the season, fourth-most among all Big West players. In conference games, Hom improved her numbers as the senior hit .400 while tallying the third-best on-base percentage at .489. She posted nearly half of her hits in conference games as she tallied 30 against Big West foes while scoring 20 runs, No. 2 among all conference players. In the field, Hom notched three outfield assists while posting a .972 fielding percentage. At the end of the year, Megan was named the Tigers' Most Valuable Player for the first time in her career.

2012 (Junior):
Hom finished her third year in the top of Pacific's lineup No. 2 in hitting in the Big West as the Tigers' starting center fielder posted an impressive .409 average. With her .409 average, Hom produced 76 hits on the year to lead the Big West, a mark which ranks as the most by any Tiger in the regular season and second most all-time. Her 76 hits placed the junior inside of the nation's top-10 hitters for the 2012 regular season. While reaching base at a record pace, Hom scored at a scorching rate as she touched home 49 times throughout the year to lead the Big West and place her name No. 2 in Pacific history and No. 10 in conference history. In addition to her normal consistency at the plate, Hom showed off a little power as well as she hit her first two collegiate home runs with her first round-tripper coming against Cal State Bakersfield on March 27. For the year, Hom was also superb in the field as she patrolled center field for Pacific in all 54 games. At the end of the year, Hom earned Academic All-Big West honors for the second straight season.  Additionally, she was named a NFCA Academic All-American at the end of the season.

2011 (Sophomore):
Continuing her play as one of the Big West's best outfielders, Hom put together another epic season in just her second year of action. Earning second team all-region honors along with her second First Team All-Big West award, Hom showed off both her skills with the bat and her skills with the glove in 2011. At the plate, Hom posted a .367 average while tallying a conference-best 69 hits. Hom's 69 hits ranks as the fourth most in Pacific single-season history while her .367 average ties for the 10th best in program history. She added 42 runs, sixth most in single-season history, and 20 RBI while leading off for the Tigers' historically potent offense. Against the region, Hom was even more impressive as she went 31-for-69 (.449) while scoring a team-best 20 runs. In the field, Hom committed just one mistake while patrolling center field, also regularly making the extraordinary the mundane including robbing a pair of home runs during the year. She was named the conference's player of the week on Mar. 28.

2010 (Freshman):
In Hom, the Tigers witnessed the emergence of a special center fielder as she took control of the Tigers' outfield from the outset of the season and provided Pacific with a stellar opening campaign. Playing her first collegiate season, Hom was spectacular at the plate and in the field as she finished the season hitting .363 while playing a perfect center field. Her .363 batting average ranked No. 4 in the Big West for the year while she was even better in conference play after batting .382 through the Tigers' 21 contests. In the field, Hom was one of just seven players in the conference and one of just two regular starters to finish the season without an error. At the plate, Hom racked up a team and conference-best 62 hits while batting second in the order for the Tigers all season long. Additionally, Hom posted 15 sacrifice hits throughout the season, a mark which also led all Big West batters. On the base paths, Hom posted a team-high 10 stolen bases while scoring 33 runs, fourth best in the conference while ranking second among all freshmen. She earned the Tigers' first and only conference field player of the week award, garnering the award on February 22 after batting .750 and notching her first career RBI during the week. For her play, Hom earned First Team All-Big West honors as one of two Tigers to earn the top conference post season award. 

High School:
Graduating from Northwood High School in Irvine, Calif., in 2009, Hom proved to be a tremendous defensive outfielder for the Timberwolves throughout her high school career. In her fourth and final varsity season, Megan posted a perfect defensive percentage, finishing the year without an error while patrolling center field. In addition to her stellar defense, Hom finished second on her team in hitting with a .348 batting average. She scored 13 runs and drove in eight at the top of the Timberwolves lineup en route to earning Second Team All-Sea View League honors. The all-league award was the fourth straight of her career. As a junior, Hom earned her first all-city award with a .347 batting average, 21 runs scored and 10 stolen bases. The year prior, Megan earned team Most Valuable Player and Best Offensive Player honors after hitting .400 with 34 hits and 11 runs on the season. She was named the Freshman of the Year in her first season of varsity action. Academically, Hom was a four-time member of the Principal's Honor Roll as well as a three-time member of the California Scholarship Federation. She is also an accomplished musician as she was a member of the Northwood Marching Band and Wind Symphony.

Personal:
Megan Hom was born in Artesia, Calif., and is the daughter of Susan and Matthew Hom. She has one younger sister, Jenna. Megan graduated in May of 2013 with a degree in biological sciences.

Recent Games
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-3
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 3-2
May 4 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-2
May 10 Hawai'i L, 3-1
May 10 Hawai'i L, 5-2
May 11 Hawai'i L, 9-3
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 55 23
Plate appearances 213 94
At Bats 178 75
Runs 38 20
Hits 62 30
Doubles 4 3
Triples 1 -
Home Runs - -
Runs Batted In 13 4
Total bases 68 33
Walks 20 12
Hit by pitch 1 1
Strikeouts 15 7
Sacrifice Flies - -
Sacrifice Hits 14 6
Hit into double play - -
Stolen Bases 4 4
Caught Stealing 1 -
Batting Average .348 .400
On Base Percentage .417 .489
Slugging Percentage .382 .440
Appearances 0 0
Games started 0 0
Wins 0 0
Losses 0 0
Saves 0 0
Complete Games - -
Shutouts - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 0.0
Hits - -
Runs - -
Earned Runs - -
Walks - -
Strikeouts - -
Strikeouts per Game - -
Doubles Allowed - -
Triples Allowed - -
Home Runs Allows - -
At Bats Against - -
Batting Average Against - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 0.00
Wild pitches - -
Hit Batters - -
Balks - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - -
Total Chances 109 45
Put Outs 103 43
Assists 3 0
Errors 3 2
Fielding Percentage .972 .956
Double Plays - -
Stolen Bases Allowed - -
Runners Caught Stealing - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - -
Passed Balls - -
Catcher's Interference - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 9 at Santa Clara W, 6-0 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 9 at Santa Clara W, 8-1 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Feb 12 at Sacramento State W, 3-0 4 0 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Feb 15 vs. Texas A&M-CC W, 11-2 2 2 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 15 at Baylor L, 10-1 2 1 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 16 vs. Northern Colo. W, 8-0 3 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 16 vs. Northern Colo. W, 10-4 4 3 3 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 17 at Baylor L, 3-0 3 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Hofstra L, 4-0 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 22 vs. UMass W, 9-0 3 2 0 - - - 1 2 - - -
Feb 23 vs. Fordham W, 6-5 4 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 23 vs. DePaul L, 6-5 4 0 2 - - - 1 - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Indiana W, 9-3 3 2 2 - 1 - 3 - - - -
Feb 26 St. John's (N.Y.) W, 7-2 4 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 1 Nevada L, 1-0 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 1 Southern Utah W, 2-1 4 0 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 2 San Jose State L, 4-2 3 0 3 - - - 1 - - - -
Mar 2 Nevada W, 3-2 2 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 3 San Jose State W, 3-2 2 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 6 at California L, 7-2 4 0 2 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Mar 8 vs. Minnesota L, 1-0 3 0 2 - - - 0 - - - 1
Mar 8 vs. Fla. Gulf Coast W, 10-6 4 2 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Minnesota L, 4-2 4 0 1 - - - 1 - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Fla. Gulf Coast L, 8-5 3 0 0 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Mar 10 at Stanford L, 2-0 3 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 15 vs. Oklahoma L, 9-0 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 15 vs. NC State W, 6-3 3 1 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 16 vs. Arizona St. L, 5-4 3 1 1 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Mar 16 vs. Virginia Tech L, 5-1 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 17 vs. Washington L, 6-4 4 1 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 20 at Fresno State L, 1-0 3 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 23 UC Riverside W, 6-1 3 1 0 - - - 0 1 - 1 -
Mar 23 UC Riverside W, 6-2 1 2 1 - - - 0 2 - - -
Mar 24 UC Riverside W, 6-4 2 1 0 - - - 0 2 - - -
Mar 29 UC Santa Barbara W, 6-5 4 1 2 - - - 1 - - - -
Mar 29 UC Santa Barbara W, 3-2 1 1 0 - - - 0 2 - - -
Mar 30 UC Santa Barbara L, 5-3 6 1 3 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 6 at Cal Poly W, 7-0 3 2 2 - - - 1 - - - -
Apr 6 at Cal Poly L, 3-0 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 7 at Cal Poly W, 3-1 2 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 10 at UC Davis L, 1-0 2 0 0 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Apr 10 at UC Davis W, 5-4 3 2 3 1 - - 0 - - - -
Apr 13 Long Beach State L, 7-6 4 0 3 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 13 Long Beach State W, 5-4 4 2 3 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 14 Long Beach State W, 6-5 4 1 3 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 17 at UC Davis W, 6-0 3 3 1 - - - 0 - 1 2 -
Apr 20 at Cal State Northridge L, 3-1 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 20 at Cal State Northridge L, 5-4 5 0 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 21 at Cal State Northridge W, 5-1 4 1 2 1 - - 0 - - - -
Apr 24 Stanford W, 9-6 4 2 2 1 - - 0 - - - -
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-3 3 1 0 - - - 0 1 - 1 -
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 3-2 4 0 2 1 - - 2 - - - -
May 4 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 Hawai'i L, 3-1 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
May 10 Hawai'i L, 5-2 4 1 1 - - - 0 - 2 - -
May 11 Hawai'i L, 9-3 3 0 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Date Opponent Score w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 9 at Santa Clara W, 6-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 9 at Santa Clara W, 8-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 12 at Sacramento State W, 3-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 15 vs. Texas A&M-CC W, 11-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 15 at Baylor L, 10-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 16 vs. Northern Colo. W, 8-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 16 vs. Northern Colo. W, 10-4 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 17 at Baylor L, 3-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 22 vs. Hofstra L, 4-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 22 vs. UMass W, 9-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 23 vs. Fordham W, 6-5 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 23 vs. DePaul L, 6-5 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 vs. Indiana W, 9-3 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 26 St. John's (N.Y.) W, 7-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 1 Nevada L, 1-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 1 Southern Utah W, 2-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 San Jose State L, 4-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 Nevada W, 3-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 3 San Jose State W, 3-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 6 at California L, 7-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 8 vs. Minnesota L, 1-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 8 vs. Fla. Gulf Coast W, 10-6 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 vs. Minnesota L, 4-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 vs. Fla. Gulf Coast L, 8-5 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 10 at Stanford L, 2-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 15 vs. Oklahoma L, 9-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 15 vs. NC State W, 6-3 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 vs. Arizona St. L, 5-4 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 vs. Virginia Tech L, 5-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 17 vs. Washington L, 6-4 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 20 at Fresno State L, 1-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 UC Riverside W, 6-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 UC Riverside W, 6-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 24 UC Riverside W, 6-4 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 UC Santa Barbara W, 6-5 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 UC Santa Barbara W, 3-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 30 UC Santa Barbara L, 5-3 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 6 at Cal Poly W, 7-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 6 at Cal Poly L, 3-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 7 at Cal Poly W, 3-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 10 at UC Davis L, 1-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 10 at UC Davis W, 5-4 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 13 Long Beach State L, 7-6 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 13 Long Beach State W, 5-4 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 14 Long Beach State W, 6-5 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 17 at UC Davis W, 6-0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 at Cal State Northridge L, 3-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 at Cal State Northridge L, 5-4 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 21 at Cal State Northridge W, 5-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 24 Stanford W, 9-6 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-3 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 3-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 4 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 Hawai'i L, 3-1 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 10 Hawai'i L, 5-2 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 11 Hawai'i L, 9-3 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 9 at Santa Clara W, 6-0 5 5 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 9 at Santa Clara W, 8-1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 12 at Sacramento State W, 3-0 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 15 vs. Texas A&M-CC W, 11-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 15 at Baylor L, 10-1 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 16 vs. Northern Colo. W, 8-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 16 vs. Northern Colo. W, 10-4 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 17 at Baylor L, 3-0 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Hofstra L, 4-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. UMass W, 9-0 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Fordham W, 6-5 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. DePaul L, 6-5 3 2 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Indiana W, 9-3 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 26 St. John's (N.Y.) W, 7-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 1 Nevada L, 1-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 1 Southern Utah W, 2-1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 2 San Jose State L, 4-2 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 2 Nevada W, 3-2 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 3 San Jose State W, 3-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 6 at California L, 7-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Minnesota L, 1-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Fla. Gulf Coast W, 10-6 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Minnesota L, 4-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Fla. Gulf Coast L, 8-5 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 10 at Stanford L, 2-0 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. Oklahoma L, 9-0 2 1 0 1 .500 - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. NC State W, 6-3 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. Arizona St. L, 5-4 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. Virginia Tech L, 5-1 7 7 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. Washington L, 6-4 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 20 at Fresno State L, 1-0 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 UC Riverside W, 6-1 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 UC Riverside W, 6-2 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 24 UC Riverside W, 6-4 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 29 UC Santa Barbara W, 6-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 29 UC Santa Barbara W, 3-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 30 UC Santa Barbara L, 5-3 3 2 0 1 .667 - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Cal Poly W, 7-0 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Cal Poly L, 3-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Cal Poly W, 3-1 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 10 at UC Davis L, 1-0 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 10 at UC Davis W, 5-4 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 13 Long Beach State L, 7-6 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 13 Long Beach State W, 5-4 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 14 Long Beach State W, 6-5 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 17 at UC Davis W, 6-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 20 at Cal State Northridge L, 3-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 20 at Cal State Northridge L, 5-4 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 21 at Cal State Northridge W, 5-1 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 24 Stanford W, 9-6 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 3 at Cal State Fullerton L, 3-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 4 at Cal State Fullerton L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 Hawai'i L, 3-1 6 6 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 10 Hawai'i L, 5-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 11 Hawai'i L, 9-3 6 5 0 1 .833 - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 55 178 38 62 4 1 - 13 20 15 4 1 .348 .417 .382
Conference 23 75 20 30 3 - - 4 12 7 4 - .400 .489 .440
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Home 19 61 14 27 1 - - 2 10 4 1 - .443 .521 .459
Away 19 62 10 18 3 - - 5 2 7 3 - .290 .323 .339
Neutral 17 55 14 17 - 1 - 6 8 4 - 1 .309 .397 .345

Wins 28 87 32 35 3 1 - 7 14 3 3 - .402 .490 .460
Losses 27 91 6 27 1 - - 6 6 12 1 1 .297 .340 .308

  g gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/g hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00

Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00
Away 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00
Neutral 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00

Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.00

  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 55 109 103 3 3 .972 - - - - - -
Conference 23 45 43 0 2 .956 - - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -

Home 19 36 33 1 2 .944 - - - - - -
Away 19 37 36 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Neutral 17 36 34 1 1 .972 - - - - - -

Wins 28 49 47 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Losses 27 60 56 1 3 .950 - - - - - -